在瑞士，藍莓的最高殘留量相對較高，為每公斤 5 毫克。2011 年 1 月，西班牙辣椒因乙烯利含量遠高於限值而從德國超市召回。2014 年 7 月，瑞士禁止在番茄種植中使用番茄，原因是在前一年的常規種植中發現瑞士番茄中存在過量殘留物。
Why choose naturally ripened bananas and fruits
Ripening agents are an indispensable link in the banana industry chain and are widely used all over the world. Because ripe bananas are soft and fragile, green fruits are picked in actual production for sale after long-distance transportation.
Green bananas are “ripened" before being sold. Currently, ethylene is usually produced using a liquid called “Ethefon" to ripen bananas. Ethylene is one of the five natural hormones ubiquitous in plants. Ethephon is a synthetic plant growth regulator. The principle of ripening is the same as that of natural ethylene. However, ethephon is widely used as an insecticide worldwide. Therefore, no matter whether it is safe or not, before bananas are sold in supermarkets, the fruits have the opportunity to be soaked in ripening agents. Consumers lack the right to know. Although bananas do not need to eat the skin, they really need to go through the washing process before they are safe to eat.
In Switzerland, the MRL for blueberries is relatively high at 5 mg/kg. In January 2011, Spanish peppers were recalled from German supermarkets due to levels of ethephon well above the limit. In July 2014, Switzerland banned the use of tomatoes in tomato cultivation after excessive residues were found in Swiss tomatoes during routine cultivation the previous year.
However, in the American Journal of Medicine, a study noted that ethephon, an organophosphorus, has potential hepatotoxic effects. In experimental rats, a significant decrease in body weight was found. The orderly arrangement of liver cells is disrupted and replaced by blood-filled sine waves. At the site, hepatocytes appeared to be degenerated. Scientists report that regular consumption of artificially ripened fruit may lead to dizziness, weakness, skin ulcers, and heart- and liver-related diseases.
Does ethephon have potential hepatotoxic effects? (January-February 2018)